عنوان مقاله [English]
'Transition' is a short hydraulic structure used to change the cross-sectional shape or flow shape. Transitions are commonly used both in the open-channels and natural waterways. The task of a transition is to connect a narrow channel at the upstream to a wider downstream channel or vice-versa. This, creates a disturbance region of turbulent flow causing energy losses. In general, the structure of a transition prevents the formation of wave and other turbulencies. In this case, the energy loss, due to the change in the amount of the momentum, will be minimized.
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