عنوان مقاله [English]
draining the flood of enormous dams and transmitting the procedure to the downstream is one of the important issues regarding hydraulic structures. Plunge pools are the main structures to dissipate the high rate of energy. The amount of energy at an outlet jet depends on various parameters such as the dropping height, the thickness of the jet, and other environmental conditions. Local erosion in plunge pools with alluvial beds is a complex phenomenon and determining the geometric features of the scour hole is really difficult. The outlet flow mixes with the turbulence factor and hits the bed of the plunge pools with a semi-perpendicular condition. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the scour which was caused by inlet air along the middle water jet on the bottom of the plunge pools. Xu et al. (2004) tested the aeration effects on the scouring caused by the falling jet and obtained a small relationship between the percentage of air jet density and the relative scour depth. The results informed that aeration affects the shape of the scour hole and essentially reduces the scour depth. Manso et al. (2004) investigated the interaction of the geometric shape of the submerged pond with rocky bedding on the rate of diffusion of the falling jet. They tested various diameters of jets,5.5, 11 and 16.5 times the diameter of falling jet, on the smooth and rough beds to investigate the dynamic pressures with frequencies between 1 to 2 KHZ. Their findings showed that the geometric shape of the pond has a direct impact on the jet diffusion rate. Duarte et al. (2015) studied the effects of air inlet to jet on the dynamical pressure on the floor of the submerged pond. They increased the jet's velocity to 22 m/s. The final results showed that the air inlet to the jet led to a decline in the total pressure on the floor of the pond.