1- Abbasi, K., Neishabouri, M., Ustan, Sh., and, Ahmadi, A., 2014. Effects of Hydromalch and Polyacrylamide on runoff, sediment yield and K and P, N elements loss in laboratory conditions. Journal of Water and Soil Science, 24 (4): 247-259 (In Persian).
2- Abbasi, M., Najafinejad, A., Bardi Sheikh, W., and Azim Mohseni. M., 2016. Runoff changes, soil and nutrient elements losses in different vegetation habitats in Loess lands (Case study: Kechik watershed of Golestan province). Water and Soil Conservation Research Journal, 2 (3): 91-109. (In Persian).
3- Assouline, S., and Ben-Hur. M., 2006. Effects of rainfall intensity and slope gradient on the dynamics of interrill erosion during soil surface sealing. Catena.66: 211-220.
4- Conant, R.T., Six, J. and Paustian, K., 2003. Land use effects on soil carbon fractions in the southeastern United States. I. Management-intensive versus extensive grazing. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 38(6), pp.386-392.
5- Ekwu, E. I. and Harrilal. A., 2010. Effect of soil type, peat, slope, compaction effort and their interactions on infiltration, runoff and raindrop erosion of some Trinidadian soils. Biosystems Engineering, 105(1), 112-118.
6- Ekwue, E.I., Bharat, C. and Samaroo, K., 2009. Effect of soil type, peat and farmyard manure addition, slope and their interactions on wash erosion by overland flow of some Trinidadian soils. Biosystems engineering, 102(2), pp.236-243.
7- Emadi, M., Baghernejad, M, Fathi, H. and Saffari, M., 2008. Effect of Land Use Change on Selected Soil Physical and Chemical Properties in North Highlands of Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(3): 496-502.
8- Farokhzadeh, B., Ildemi, A., Ataeean, B., and Noroozi. M., 2015. Evaluation of Land Use Effect on Suspended Load, Using SWAT Model (Case Study: Yalfan Watershed, Hamadan Province), Journal of Environmental Erosion Research, 3 (19): 28-46.
9- Fu, B.J., Meng, Q.H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, W.W. Zhang, Q.J. and Davidson. D.A., 2004. Effects of Land use on Soil Erosion and Nitrogen Loss in the Hilly area of the Loess Plateau, China. Land Degradation & Development 15: 87-96.
10- Ghorbani Qohfarrokhi, N., Reeisi, F., and Ghorbani. Sh., 2013. Effect of grazing on the distribution of organic carbon, total nitrogen and mineralization of carbon on various components of soil particle in rangelands with a history of cultivation. Journal of Water and Soil Science, 23 (1): 209-222.
11- Ide, J.I., Haga, H., Chiwa, M. and Otsuki, K., 2008. Effects of antecedent rain history on particulate phosphorus loss from a small forested watershed of Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa). Journal of Hydrology. 352: 322– 335.
12- Kauffman J.B., Sanford R.L. Cummings D.L. Salcedo I.H. and Sampaio. E.V., 1993. Biomass and nutrient dynamics associated with slash fires in neotropical dry forests. Journal of Ecology, 74 (1): 140-151.
13- Kuhlman, T., Reinhard, S., and Gaaff. A., 2010. Estimating the costs and benefits of soil conservation in Europe. Land Use Policy, 27: 22-32.
14- Lal, R. 1999. Soil quality and food security: the global perspective. In: Lal, R. (Ed.), Soil Quality and Soil Erosion. Soil and Water Conservation Society and CRC Press, Boca Raton.
15- Mahtab, F.U. and Karim. Z., 1992. Population and agricultural land use: towards a sustainable food production system in Bangladesh. Ambio, 21:50-55.
16- Marcos, H.C. Aurelie, B. and Jeffrey, A. C., 2003. Effects of large-scale changes in land cover on the discharge of the Rocantins River, Southeastern Amazonia. Journal of Hydrology, 283: 206-217.
17- Mihara, M., N. Yamamoto and Ueno, T., 2005. Application of USLE for the prediction of nutrient losses in soil erosion processes. Paddy Water Environ. (3):111–119.
18- Navas, N. 1993. Soil losses under simulated rainfall in semi-arid shrublands of the Ebro Valley, Spain. Soil Use and Manage. 9 (4):152-156.
19- Niknahad Qarmakhar, H., and Maramaei, M., 2011. Study of the Effects of Land Use Change on Soil Properties (Case Study: Kichik Watershed). Journal of Soil Management and Sustainable Production, 1 (2): 81-96.
20- Noor, H., Mirnia, S.KH. Fazli, S., Reeisi, M.B., and Vafakhah, M., 2010. Application of MUSLE for the Prediction of phosphorus losses. Water Science and Technology, 62(4): 809- 815.
21- Olsen, S. R., Cole, C., Watanabe, F. S., and Deam, L. A., 1954. Estimation of available phosphorous in soils by extraction with Sodium bicarbonate. USDA.
22- Peng, T., and Wang, S., 2012. Effects of land use, land cover and rainfall regimes on the surface runoff cover and rainfall regimes on the surface runoff, Catena, 90: 53–62.
23- Perez-Latorre. FJ. Castro, LD. and Delgado, A., 2010. A comparison of two variable intensity rainfall simulators for runoff studies. Soil and Till Res 107: 11-16.
24- Richardson, C. and King, K.W., 1996. Erosion and nutrient losses from zero tillage on a clay soil, journal of Agriculture Engineering Research, 61: 81-86.
25- Roghani, M., Mahdavi, M. and Ghafouri, A., 2003. Introduction of a method in recognition of effective places in peak flood levels for planning control and reduce flood damage in the watersheds of the country, case study: Rudak basin, Journal of Research and Construction.
26- Roose, E.R., Lal, R., Feller, C., Barthes, B., and Stewart, B.A., 2005. Soil erosion and carbon dynamic: conclusion and perspectives. CRC press, Boca Raton, USA. 331-339.
27- Reeisi, F., Mohammadi, J., and, Asadi, A., 2005. Effect of long-term graze on the dynamics of litter carbon in the green meadow ecosystem of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 3: 81-92.
28- Reeisian, R., Charkhabi, A.H., and Nikooee Mehr., M., 2010. Comparison of soil losses under intensive grazing management and rainfed cultivation in the northern Karoon, Gorgak watershed. Journal of Engineering and Watershed Management, 3 (2): 113-123.
29- Sadeghi, S.H., Sharifi Moghaddam, A., and Gholami., l., 2014. The effect of rice straw on the production of surface runoff and soil loss in small plots. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, 3 (4): 73-83.
30- Shinjo, H., Hirata, M., Konga, N., and Kosak, T., 2002. Evaluation of water erosion risk and recommendation for sustainable land use northeastern Syria. 17th World Congress of Soil Science, Thailand, Paper No. 1175.
31-Sheikh Rabiei, M., Feiznia, S., and Peyrowan, H. R., 2011. Estimation of runoff and soil losses in work units of Hiv watershed basin, Comparison of the Rainfall simulator scale. Journal of Earth Sciences, 20 (80): 60-57.
32- Tajari, S., Barani, M., Khormali, F., and Kiani. F., 2013. The effect of land use changes on soil in organic phosphorus in loess area in Toshan, Golestan province. J. Water Soil. 29(2): 453-465.
33- Telles, T.S., Falci Dechen, C., Souza, S., Antonio, G., Souza, D., and Guimarães, L., 2013. Valuation and assessment of soil erosion costs.Sci. Agric, 70(3): 209-216.
34- Terranova, O., Antronico, R. Coscarelli, R. and laquinta, P., 2009. Soil erosion risk scenarios in the Mediterranean environment using RUSLE and GIS: an application model for Calabria (Southern Italy). Geomorphology, 112: 228-254.
35- Thomas GW, 1982. Exchangeable cations. Pp. 159-165. In: Page AL (ed.). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 2nd ed. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA.
Frederick R., Arthur Hobbs, J.
, Roy L. 2003. Soil and water conservation for productivity and environment protection, (4th Edition), Prentice Hall, 672 pages
37- Wolancho, L.W.2012.Watershed management: An option to station dam and reservoir function in Ethiopia. Environmental Science and Technology,5: 262–273.
38- Zhang, H., El Kateb, H., Zhang, P., and Mosandl, R., 2013. Soil erosion and surface runoff on different vegetation covers and slope gradients: A field experiment in Southern Shaanxi Province China. Catena. 105: 1–10.