اثر سطوح مختلف آبیاری بر صفات کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی نعناع فلفلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آبیاری و زهکشی، گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

2 دانشیار گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

3 استاد گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری.

4 مربی پژوهشی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی مازندران.

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر اعمال کم‌آبیاری تنظیم‌شده و آبیاری ناقص ریشه بر صفات کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی نعناع فلفلی (Mentha piperita L.)، آزمایشی در طی یک فصل زراعی و در دو چین اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل کم‌آبیاری تنظیم‌شده در پنج سطح 100 (شاهد)، 85، 70، 55 و 40 درصد رطوبت قابل استفاده گیاه و آبیاری ناقص ریشه در سه سطح 70، 55 و 40 درصد رطوبت قابل استفاده گیاه، در نظر گرفته شد. میزان آب آبیاری از طریق تفاوت رطوبت قبل آبیاری و ظرفیت زراعی در تیمار آبیاری شاهد محاسبه شد. رطوبت خاک با استفاده از دستگاه TDR اندازه‌گیری شد. بیشترین عملکرد خشک بوته و عملکرد اسانس، در چین اول به‌ترتیب در تیمار شاهد و 70 درصد آبیاری ناقص ریشه، به‌میزان 1942 و 67/23 کیلوگرم در هکتار به‌دست آمد. در چین دوم، عملکرد تر و خشک بوته تحت‌تاثیر اعمال تیمارهای کم‌آبیاری قرار نگرفت، در‌حالی‌که عملکرد اسانس و شاخص برداشت اسانس در تیمارهای آبیاری ناقص ریشه به‌صورت معنی‌داری افزایش یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Different İrrigation Regimes on Quantitative and Qualititative Characteristics of Peppermint Medicinal Plant

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Akbarzadeh 1
  • Ali Shahnazari 2
  • Mir Khalegh Ziatabar Ahmadi 3
  • Mohammad Akbarzadeh 4
1 M.Sc. Student of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Sari Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources University.
2 Associate Professor, Water engineering Department, Sari Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources University
3 Professor, Water engineering Department, Sari Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources University.
4 Instructor, Agriculture Science and Natural Resources Research Center of Mazandaran.
چکیده [English]

Regulated Deficit Irrigation (RDI) is the strategy of reducing irrigation rates, during a specific period of growth and development, with the objective of conserving water and managing plant growth while maintaining or improving yield and quality. Partial root zone drying (PRD) is a possible irrigation technique that deliberately exposes the plant to water deficits to induce physiological responses that can improve the efficiency of water use. It involves irrigating only one part of the root zone in each irrigation event, leaving another part to dry to certain soil water content before rewetting by shifting irrigation to the dry side.
Various plants are different in economic efficiency of irrigation water used. Medicinal plants, as a collection of plants with high economic value, can produce more capital than other plants in terms of water scarcity. The objective of this study was to determine the response of peppermint yield components, oil yield, and water use efficiency to regulated deficit irrigation and partial root-zone drying in field condition.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drought stress
  • Irrigation management
  • Field Capacity
  • Harvest index
  • Essential oil yield

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