واسنجی و ارزیابی روش SCS در برآورد سیلاب در حوضه آبریز پسکوهک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آبشناسی،بخش علوم زمین دانشگاه شیراز.

2 دانشیار گروه آبشناسی بخش علوم زمین، دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

روش SCS-CN از جمله روش­های پرکاربرد و معمول در هیدرولوژی برای تخمین روان­آب می­باشد که توسط سازمان حفاظت خاک آمریکا ارائه شده­­است. استفاده از این روش در حوضه­های ایران به دلیل تفاوت­های اقلیمی، هیدرولوژی و زمین شناسی می­تواند با درصدی از خطا همراه باشد.در این مطالعه کارایی روش SCS و ارزیابی روابط تجربی آن درحوضه معرف پسکوهک انجام شد. در پنج واقعه بارش، اندازه­گیری روان­آب در چهار زیرحوضه و خروجی اصلی حوضه انجام گرفت. مقدار CN با استفاده از مطالعات سنجش از دور، نقشه­های زمین­شناسی و بازدیدهای صحرایی تعیین گردید. سپس با ترسیم هیدروگراف واقعی حاصل از واقعه بارش و مقایسه آن با هیدروگراف حاصل از روش SCS در نرم­افزار HEC-HMS، کالیبراسیون و تصحیح ضرایب SCS انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان­­می­دهد که مقدار ضریب تصحیحی برای SCSLag برابر با 92/0می­باشد.  مقدار میانگین Ia/S درحوضه پسکوهک برابر با 044/0 می­باشد که اختلاف زیادی  با مقدار 2/0 معادله SCS دارد. ضریب تصحیحی برای تبدیل CN در حوضه مورد مطالعه برابر با 41/0برآورد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Calibration and Evaluation of SCS Method for Estimating Flood Runoff in Pasekohak Watershed

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojtaba Adeli 1
  • Zargham Mohammadi 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Hydrogeology, Department of Earth Science, Shiraz University.
2 Associate Professor of Hydrogeology, Department Of Earth Science, Shiraz University
چکیده [English]

The Curve Number (SCS-CN) method, one of the most widely used methods for estimating runoff in hydrology, has been developed by soil conservation services. The application of SCS equation in Iran may be mixed with considerable errors due to different climatological, geological, and hydrological characteristics.  In addition, the other cause of error in this method is the relationship between Ia and S (Equation 2), which is experimental and has been taken from rainwater data in small laboratories (Anonymous, 1972). This relationship can be criticized in terms of the document and was examined in various studies of its accuracy and application (Bo et al., 2011, Shi et al., 2009, Baltas et al., 2007, Mishra et al ., 2006,2004, Hawkins et al., 2002), In order to calibrate the SCS equation and evaluation in empirical relations, Pasekohak catchment was selected. Pasekohak basin includes four sub-basins where flood runoff was gauged during five flood events. Curve Number (CN) for the sub-basins was estimated according to the remote sensing, geological maps, and field works. The real hydrograph for each event was compared with SCS hydrograph in HEC-HMS software, and the calibration and correction of SCS coefficients were conducted. The results suggest a correction coefficient of 0.92 for SCSLag, the average ratio of Ia/S is 0.044, which is completely different from 0.2 in SCS. The CN in the study area is 0.41 of CN provided by SCS.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pasekohak Watershed
  • Runoff
  • SCS Method
  • Curve Number (CN)
  • Remote Sensing

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