عنوان مقاله [English]
Flood is one of the most dangerous and destructive phenomena which endangers people’s lives and properties all around the world. According to statistics of a 30-year period (1974-2003), about 2162 major floods have occurred which constitute 34% of the world's disasters (Tajbakhsh and Khodashenas, 2012). Floods are frequent and ruinous in Iran due to severe weather condition. Several factors intensify the risk of flood in urban areas including urbanization, land use changes, inappropriate drainage systems, and impermeable area development (Sabeti, 2011).
Likak has faced numerous floods due to high rain density, high rate of urban development, unsafe and unproductive urban development, ignoring safety criteria in developing urban areas, road watering issues, inefficient drainage systems, and inefficacious water channels. Water channels and drainage issues have never been evaluated in this town. Applying an effective runoff management plan is the ultimate solution for the problem of flood in Likak. Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) is one of the most reliable and prevailing models for evaluating and managing the urban runoff issue. SWMM is a dynamic rainfall-runoff simulator which can be used for simulating the quantity and quality of the run-off for a single raining event or continuous long-term rains (Gironas et al, 2010). Yu et al. (2014) adapted and calibrated SWMM to Jinan, a typical piedmont city in China. Fourteen storms were used for model calibration and validation, finally verifying large-scale applicability of the model to piedmont cities. Results of this study verified that SWMM is applicable to large-scale cities.
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