ارزیابی تشکیل بازارهای آب بین منطقه‌ای در دشت ترشیز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان.

2 استاد یار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

تشکیل بازارهای آب بین منطقه‌ای و به دنبال آن اشتراک‌گذاری آب آبیاری توسط کشاورزان می‌تواند سبب کاهش مصرف بی‌رویه این نهاده شده و بر توسعه محلی و منطقه‌ای کشور تاثیرگذار است. به همین منظور، در این مطالعه اثرات تشکیل بازارهای آب بین منطقه‌‌ای در منطقه ترشیز مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. برای تحقق این هدف، از مدل تولید محصولات کشاورزی منطقهای (SWAP) و برنامهریزی ریاضی مثبت (PMP) استفاده شد. داده‌­ها و اطلاعات مورد نیاز در این تحقیق از نوع مقطعی و مربوط به سال زراعی 97-1396 در استان خراسان‌رضوی جمع‌آوری شدند. نتایج نشان داد که با ایجاد بازارهای آب بین منطقه‌‌ای در سطح منطقه ترشیز، افزون بر ایجاد تعادل بین عرضه و تقاضای آب آبیاری و برقراری توازن داد و ستد آب بین مناطق مورد مطالعه، نتیجه بر افزایش اراضی آبی به میزان 45/3 درصد و سود ناخالص کشاورزان 26/4 درصد می‌تواند بین تقاضای آب آبیاری و عرضه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Formation of Local and Regional Water Markets in the Torshiz Plain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Badi Barzin 1
  • Seyed Mehdi Hosseini 2
  • Mahmood Hashemitabar 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Economics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Water is an important factor in the economic development of any country. Therefore, it is necessary to plan for optimal use of water resources and economic allocation of this resource for different uses (Tajrishi & Abrishamchi, 2004). Over the past decades, the increasing use of water resources and the low efficiency of its consumption have caused many environmental concerns. Water markets are an economic instrument that can be used to increase decentralization, optimize the allocation of water resources among consumers, and reduce the effects of water scarcity. Accordingly, water markets are mainly characterized by their capability to reallocate water for different uses so that this allocation is welcomed by those who designate higher potential values of water and naturally, derive more rational utilization of water resources in their own consumption (Badie Barzin et al., 2018). Given the importance of water, our research objective was to assess the effects of local and regional water markets in the Torshiz region. Data were collected without sampling at the level of cultivating certain crops including agricultural production, production costs, and inputs. Crop prices were provided by the Agricultural Jihad Organization of Khorasan Razavi Province, and the data on the demanded water products and all available water resources were provided by the District Water Company of Khorasan Razavi province. Howitt et al. (2015) studied the effects of drought on agricultural production in different parts of California and evaluated the role of local water markets in this area. The results showed that drought had a negative effect on not only the volume of surface water resources but also the depth of the groundwater supply and that the farmers were faced with inadequate water inputs. In this regard, the creation of local and regional water markets to balance water supply and demand has significantly reduced the effects of droughts. Additionally, the demand for irrigation water can be a good approach to cope with the effects of droughts. For this purpose, the present study mainly aims to investigate and evaluate the effects of the development of local and regional water markets in the Torshiz area and assess the potential of irrigation water transfers under drought and dehydration in the province's cities (as water conveyor region).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Positive Mathematical Programming
  • Agriculture
  • Water resources
  • Torshiz Area
  • Anonymous, 2017 a, Agricultural Jihad Organization of Khorasan Razavi Province Plant production and improvement office. Agricultural Statistics of 2017-2018, Khorasan Razavi Province, 8-16. (In Persian).

 

  • Anonymous, 2017 b, Regional Water Company of Khorasan Razavi Province (In Persian).

 

  • Badi Barzin H., Khumri A, Ghaffari Z., and Pahizkar, A. 2018 Effects of Regional Water Market Formation on Balancing the Supply and Demand for Irrigation Water in Sistan Area, Iranian Journal of Water Resources Research. 14(3), pp.253-256 (In Persian).

 

  • Bohlulvand, A, Sadr, K, and Hashemi, A., 2014 Assessment the role of agricultural Water markets in water resources allocation pricing. Journal Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 45(4), 761-773 (In Persian).

 

 

  • Droitsch, D., and Robinson, B. 2009 Share the water: building a secure water future for Alberta, published jointly by can more: water matters society of Alberta, and Vancouver: Eco Justice, AB.www.water-matters.org/docs/share-the-water.pdf.

 

  • He, L., Tyner, W.E., Doukkali, R. and Siam, G., 2006 Policy options to improve water allocation efficiency: analysis on Egypt and Morocco. Water International, 31,pp. 320–337.

 

  • Howitt, R.E., MacEwan, D., Medellin-Azuara, J., Lund, R, and Sumner, D., 2015 Economic analysis of the 2015 drought for California agriculture, UC Davis Center for Watershed Sciences, ERA Economics, UC Agricultural Issues Center, University of California Pp:1-31.

 

  • Howitt, R.E, Medellin-Azuara, J, and MacEwan, D., 2009 Estimating the economic impacts of agricultural yield related changes for California. Final Paper, a Paper from California Climate Change Center 29,pp.113-129.

 

  • Howitt, R.E., Medellin-Azuara, J., MacEwan, D, and Lund, R. 2012 Calibrating disaggregate economic models of agricultural production and water management. Science of the Environmental Modelling and Software, 38, pp. 244-258.

 

  • Kavoosi Kalashami, M. and Peykani Machiyani, G., 2015. Evaluating the economic impact of reducing the Sefid Rood River on agriculture in Guilan province. Journal of Agricultural Economics, pp.25-48.
  • Keramatzade, A., Chizari, A, and Sharzei, Q. 2011 The role of the water market in determining the economic value of agricultural water with the promising mathematical planning approach (downstream of the Shirin dam in the Bojnourd valley). Journal of Agricultural Research and Development 42(1),pp.29-44 (In Persian).

 

  • Kiani gh. 2016 Allocation optimal Role of market in water resources and factors affecting water market efficiency. Water and Sustainable Development, 3 (1), pp. 93-102. (In Persian).

 

  • Mahmoodi, A, and Parhizkari, A. 2016. Economic modeling of water resources management in Tehran province with emphasis on the role of water market. Journal of Economic Modeling. 35(3), pp.139-121 (In Persian).

 

  • Medellan-Azuara, J. Harou, J. Howitt, RE. 2011 Predicting farmer responses to water pricing, rationing and subsidies assuming profit maximizing investment in irrigation technology. Science of the Agricultural Water Management, (108), pp. 73–82.

 

  • Mozaffari M. 2015. Determine the appropriate policy program for the protection of water jets in Qazvin plain. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, Pp: 1-31 (In Persian).

 

  • Nikoeei, A, and Najafi, B. 2011. The welfare effects of the establishment of agricultural water market in Iran, case study: Isfahan irrigation networks. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 19(76), pp. 25-37 (In Persian).

 

  • Parhizkari, A., Taghizade Ranjbari, H., Shokat fadaee, M, and Mahmoodi, A. 2015 Evaluation of economic losses of water transfer between basin on cultivar pattern and income status of farmers in the basin (Case study: Alumetrood water transfer to Qazvin plain). Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development. 29(3), pp. 333-319 (In Persian).

 

  • Tajrish, M, and Abrishamchi, A. 2004 Management of water resources demand in the country. First Conference on National Waste Conservation Methods, PP: 24-40. (In Persian).

 

  • Zeng, XT., Li. YP., Huang, GH., Liu, J, 2016 Modeling water trading under uncertainty for supporting water resources management in an arid region. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 142(2), pp. 72-89.