Effects of Soil Moisture Content on Dust Sources in Disturbed and Pseudo Undisturbed Soil in Southeastern Ahvaz

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 PhD Candidate in Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering,Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar, Iran

2 Professor of Water Engineering and Environment Faculty, Shahid Chamran Univeristy of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Water Science and Engineering, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar, Iran.

4 Professor of Soil Genesis and Classification, College of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz، Iran.

5 Assistant Professor Department of Water Science and Engineering, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar, Iran.

چکیده

This research conducted various experiments using a wind tunnel on soil samples from the most critical parts of dust sources in southeastern of Ahvaz. The main goal of this study is to show the effect of moisture on the movement of soil particles in the dust centers. The laboratory work was carried out in two parts: a: Addition of water to completely disturbed soil surface (wetting in the bag) b: Addition of water to soil layers of samples wetting that was named pseudo undisturbed soil.
The results showed that dust generation under natural conditions (dry soils) in a laboratory wind tunnel will be 53 times more than the pseudo undisturbed soils with moisture content of 2-4% in volume. Moreover, soils with moisture contents of 5-8 and 10-12% do not differ significantly from those with 2-4% moisture content in preventing dust generation. If soil surface is disturbed after it is provided with adequate moisture, not only will dust generation not decrease compared to the case when the soil surface was dry but it will also increase by 25 percent. The practical point of this study is that in the study area, increasing soil moisture between 2 to 4% can greatly reduce the formation of dust.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Soil Moisture Content on Dust Sources in Disturbed and Pseudo Undisturbed Soil in Southeastern Ahvaz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolazim Ghomeishi 1
  • Mehdi Ghomeshi 2
  • Mohammad Mahmoudian Shoushtari 3
  • Ahmad Landi 4
  • Mohammad Hosain Purmohammadi 5
1 PhD Candidate in Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering,Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar, Iran
2 Professor of Water Engineering and Environment Faculty, Shahid Chamran Univeristy of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Water Science and Engineering, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar, Iran.
4 Professor of Soil Genesis and Classification, College of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz، Iran.
5 Assistant Professor Department of Water Science and Engineering, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This research conducted various experiments using a wind tunnel on soil samples from the most critical parts of dust sources in southeastern of Ahvaz. The main goal of this study is to show the effect of moisture on the movement of soil particles in the dust centers. The laboratory work was carried out in two parts: a: Addition of water to completely disturbed soil surface (wetting in the bag) b: Addition of water to soil layers of samples wetting that was named pseudo undisturbed soil.
The results showed that dust generation under natural conditions (dry soils) in a laboratory wind tunnel will be 53 times more than the pseudo undisturbed soils with moisture content of 2-4% in volume. Moreover, soils with moisture contents of 5-8 and 10-12% do not differ significantly from those with 2-4% moisture content in preventing dust generation. If soil surface is disturbed after it is provided with adequate moisture, not only will dust generation not decrease compared to the case when the soil surface was dry but it will also increase by 25 percent. The practical point of this study is that in the study area, increasing soil moisture between 2 to 4% can greatly reduce the formation of dust.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Erosion
  • Dust
  • Soil Moisture Content
  • Granulation
  • Wind tunnel
  • Soil stabilization
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