Laboratory Analysis of the Flushing Cone Dimensions at the Upstream Bottom Outlets of Dam Reservoir for Different Entrance Shape of Bottom Outlets Using Pressure Flushing

Document Type : Research Paper



     One of the most effective techniques for removing the deposited sediments from reservoirs is pressure flushing which has only much local effects. It is often applied as a clearing process to remove sediment saround the entrance of intakes.In order to make rational design of bottom outlets and other sediment flushing structures, the understanding of the characteristics of a scour funnel in under pressure flushing is significant. The physical model was constructed in the Hydraulic Laboratory at the Water Sciences Engineerin Faculty of Shahid Chamran University of  Ahvaz and by performing various experiments on the effect of bottom outlet shape on the volume and dimensions of flushing cone was experimentally investigated. For this purposes, the experiments on 4 bottom outlets with a circular, semicircular, rectangular and square cross-sectional area equal to 18 cm2, five water levels of 30, 45, 55, 65, 78 cm, resulting in five different discharges on the bottom outlet, was performed. The results of this survey revealed that the shape of the lower opening is an important parameter in hydraulic flushing, changing of which results in change of scouring diameter. Results also showed that for a specific water level in the reservoir and for a specific time the scouring dimension for square valves and semicircle valves are more than one of rectangular valves. The scouring dimensions of rectangular valves are more than one of circular valves. The difference is more perceptible in lower water heights (i. e. lower discharge). The length of scouring and the volume of flushing cone increases with incrsing head and is the least for circular valves.