Hydraulic Jump Stilling Basins Downstream Scour Covered with Six-Legs Elements under Reduction of Basin Length

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc. Student of Water Structures, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.

2 professor, Faculty of Water Science Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz


The most common way to dissipate the water kinetic energy at the downstream of weirs , gates at chutes is to use the hydraulic jump. Hydraulic jump is a phenomenon that alters the flow regime of the state of supercritical to the subcritical with dissipating much of the flow kinetic energy  and to prevent possible downstream scour  of the structure. Development of the downstream scour hole of the hydraulic jump stilling basins can  cause failure of the structure itself , which has been the interest of the researchers in the past. The extension of new roughened bed basin  is essential to pursue and complete what previous    researchers concluded for these basins.Safe and an economical design of hydraulic structures, an estimation of the maximum scour depth, and to minimization the scour dimensions is the interest of the researchers. Therefore, in this study the effect of placing the six-legged concrete elements   under different lengths was investigated investigated. Covering the river bed downstream of the spillways and gates with these roughened and permeable elements can decrease the stilling basin length and expected less scour depth. These elements are tight together and placed on the bed. The covered length of the  bed is equal to the length of jump on these elements. However, there is possibility in which few rows of the downstream elements are escaped because of the edge failure and therefore the roughened bed length is shortened. The main purpose of this study was to see  how much exactly would be the magnitude of downstream scour depth if the covered length is decreased. .


Main Subjects

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Volume 40, Issue 4
February 2018
Pages 109-124
  • Receive Date: 09 May 2016
  • Revise Date: 20 June 2016
  • Accept Date: 09 July 2016
  • First Publish Date: 21 January 2018