Determination of Suitable Areas for Groundwater Recharge in Different Geomorphological Units and Evaluation of Water Quality in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Civil Engineering - Water Resources Engineering and Management, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering - Water Resources Engineering and Management, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran

3 Department of Civil Engineering - Water Resources Engineering and Management, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran.


Restrictions of surface water resources in arid and semiarid regions, along with increasing population and agricultural development, have led humans to exploit groundwater reserves as an important water resource. It is in arid and semi-arid regions that the change in groundwater quality caused by mismanagement of groundwater is an introduction to the degradation of water resources and other resources, both directly and indirectly.
Recently, numerous studies have been conducted on water quality with different models (Farajzadeh and Mohammadi, 2010; Kholghi and Hosseini, 2009; Mokarram et al., 2019; Taghizadeh Mehrjerdi et al., 2008).
Mehrjerdi et al. (2008) explored the application of chemical parameters such as EC, TDS, and CI in groundwater quality zoning of Ardakan-Yazd plain. Sanches (2001) and Thoradeniya et al. (2019) have also investigated water quality assessment and zoning.
Therefore, studying and evaluating the quality of groundwater and identifying suitable sites for groundwater recharge in these areas can help with proper management of water resources. The purpose of this study was to evaluate groundwater quality using fuzzy method in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad, Iran, in different geomorphological units. In order to determine groundwater quality in the study area, parameters such as Na, electrical conductivity (EC), Ca, Mg were measured in 30 sample points.


Main Subjects

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Volume 43, Issue 3
October 2020
Pages 213-226
  • Receive Date: 12 December 2019
  • Revise Date: 14 February 2020
  • Accept Date: 18 February 2020
  • First Publish Date: 22 September 2020