Investigation of enrichment, toxicity , and ecological risk of heavy metals in Bahmanshir River surface sediments

Document Type : Research Paper



In recent years, metal contamination in the aquatic environment has attracted global attention owing to its environmental toxicity, abundance and persistence. This study was carried out to determine the concentration ,origin and toxicity of heavy metals (Fe,Mn,As,Ni,Pb,Zn,Cu,Cr) in surface sediments of Bahmanshir River .14 surface sediment samples (0-10 cm) were collected using a grap sampler . Concentration of heavy metals were measured using ICP-OES method . Physico-chemical parameters (pH,OM) of sediment were determined by standard methods. In order to assess sediment contamination to heavy metals, different indices, Enrichment Factor , Potential accute toxicity and Ecological risk were calculated .The results showed moderate contamination of sediment with metals of Ni, andCr ؛and low risk level of sediments. The Statistical analysis showed that metals Pb,Zn,Cu,Cr may have originated from anthropogenic sources ; As can originate from natural process and Ni seems to have both natural and anthropogenic sources.

Keyword : Heavy metal, Aquatic environment , Bahmanshir River Sediments.


  • Receive Date: 29 October 2015
  • Revise Date: 09 February 2016
  • Accept Date: 10 April 2016
  • First Publish Date: 02 February 2022