Effect of Water stress and Aquasorb 3005 super absorbent application on maize yield production in trickle irrigation system

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student in Irrigation and Drainage, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar.

2 Assistant Professor,Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar.

3 Professor and Faculty Member of the Faculty of Water and Environment Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Water Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Shushtar.


Water scarcity is the most important factor limiting the production of agricultural products, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Application of some materials such as superabsorbent polymers in soil increases water retention in soil and thus reduces water consumption and fertilizer leaching. These materials can reduce the effects of dehydration on the plant and lead to increased yield in arid and semi-arid regions. In order to investigate the effect of superabsorbent under water stress conditions on yield, yield components and some physiological characteristics of corn, experimental plots were conducted in the form of split plots in a randomized complete block design in Gotvand region in Khuzestan province. Three treatments of Aquasorb 3005 (600,300,0 kg / ha) A1, A2 and A3 and four irrigation strategies (50,75,100,125) percent of water requirement I1, I2, I3 and I4 in three replications for two growing seasons, respectively Summer 2019 and spring planting 2020) were considered. Irrigation planning, biological yield, harvest index and canopy cover were measured at different stages of growth seasons, based on which a growth simulation model was presented using AquaCrop software. The results of this test showed that the use of Aquasorb 3005 increased product performance by one percent. In addition, the results show the effect of superabsorbent application and irrigation planning on improving water efficiency. The highest grain yield in spring and summer cultivation was related to I2A3 treatment equal to 9055 and 9255 kg / ha, respectively, and the lowest yield in both crops was related to I4A0 treatment equal to 5977 kg / ha in spring cultivation and 6344 kg / ha in summer cultivation.


Main Subjects

1- Ahrar, M., delshad, M., Babalar, M. (2009). 'Improving water/fertilizer use efficiency of hydroponically cultured greenhouse cucumber by grafting and hydrogel amendment', Journal Of Horticultural Science, 23(1), pp. -. doi: 10.22067/jhorts4.v1388i1.1913 (In Persian).
2- Ali zadeh, H. A., Abbasi, F. (2017). 'Assessment of AquaCrop Model for Simulating Yield Response of Corn to Water and Fertility Stresses', Irrigation Sciences and Engineering, 40(2), pp. 119-134. doi: 10.22055/jise.2017.13166. (In Persian).
3-Amon, D. I.,1949.Copper enzymes in isdated chloroplasts,polyph enoloxi dase in beta vulgaris.plant phisiology24:1-15.
4-.Arnon, D. I. 1975. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts poly phenoxidase inn Beba vulgaris L. Plant physiol. 45:1-15.
5-Fazeli Rostampour, M. 2013. Effects of irrigation regimes and polymer on dry matter yield and several physiological traits of forage sorghum Var. Speed feed. African journal of Biotechno-logy 12(51): 7074-7080.
6- Hagh Joe, ‌ m. And Bohrani, ‌ A.,2014. Effect of Irrigation and Nitrogen Fertilizer on Grain Yield, Yield Components and Dry Transfer of Maize Single Cross 260, ‌ Iranian Journal of Crop Science,16(4) ‌ pp. 278-292.  (In Persian).
7- Haji Babaei, ‌ M. Azizi, ‌ F,.2015. Effects of Drought Stress on Vegetative and Reproductive Stages in New Dual Purpose Maize Hybrids, ‌ Iranian Journal of Crop Research, ‌ 14 (2).P292-303. (In Persian).
8- Keykhai, F.,2001. Measurement of the effect of a moisture absorbent polymer super magnetizer PR3005A on a banking and quantitative and qualitative appropriation balance of Rogani linen. Danshekda Kashawarzi. Daneshgah Tarbiat teacher. (In Persian).
9- Khadem, S.A., Ramroudi, M., Galavi, M. and Rousta, M.J., 2011. the effect of drought stress and different rates of animal manure with super absorbent polymer on grain yield and yield components of corn (Zea mays L.). Iranian Journal of field crop science42(1), pp.115-123. . (In Persian).
10- Khacksar, ‌ A. Naderi, ‌ A. Aeyna band, ‌ A. Lak ، ‌ Sh. ,2013. Evaluation of Simultaneous Effect of Irrigation Deficit and Water Cutting Stress on Physiological Traits Affecting the Yield of Single Cross 704 Corn, ‌ Journal of Crop Research, ‌ 6 ‌(1). (In Persian).
11- Lafitte, H.R. and Edmeades, G.O., 1997. Temperature effects on radiation use and biomass partitioning in diverse tropical maize cultivars. Field crops research49(2-3), pp.231-247. Doi: 10.1016/S0378-4290(96)01005-2
12- Memar, M. and Mojaddam, M. 2015.The effect of irrigation intervals and different amounts of super absorption yield and yield components of sesame in Hamidiyeh weather conditions. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences. 5 (1)pp. 179-186.
13- Muazanzadeh Qhamsri, b. Abri, M. Zohorian, g. And Nik-Niyayi, A., 2009. He made a curd and a person, hey, Rushd, which was scattered under the influence of different amounts of carbide, a supergravity polymer (Superab A-200) under tench strips. Iran agricultural sciences gayahan magazine. 40 (3). pp. 1-8. (In Persian).
14-  Nasrollahzadeh Asl, ‌ V. Shiri, ‌ M. Muharram Nejad, S. Yosafi,M. Baghbani, f.,2016. The effect of drought stress on agronomic and biochemical properties of three maize hybrids, ‌ Journal of Crop Research, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch, ‌ 8th year, ‌ No. 32. (In Persian).
15-  Pouresmaeil, P., Habibi, D., Boojar, M.M.A., Tarighaleslami, M. and Khoshouei, S., 2012. Effects of superabsorbent application on agronomic characters of red bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars under drought stress conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences (IJACS)4(24), pp.1874-1877.
16- Rafiei, F., Nourmohammadi, G., Chokan, R., Kashani, A. and Haidari Sharif Abad, H., 2013. Investigation of superabsorbent polymer usage on maize under water stress. Global Journal of Medicinal Plant Research1(1), pp.82-87.
17- Raju, K.M., Raju, M.P. and Mohan, Y.M., 2002. Synthesis and water absorbency of crosslinked superabsorbent polymers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science85(8), pp.1795-1801.
18- Shahram, M., Mansour, F.R. and Ansari, M.H., 2013. The effect of different levels of superabsorbent on efficiency of the photosynthetic matter the remobilization and portion of remobilization in seed yield of corn (Zea mays L.) under drought stress. Annals of Biological Research4(1), pp.170-176.
19- Shahsavari Gugharغ, M., Rezaei Estakhroieh, A., Irandost, M. and Neshat, A., 2018. Evaluating the Effect of Different Levels of Deficit Irrigation and Partial Root-Zone Drying on the Yield and Water Productivity of Maize in Hajiabad. JWSS-Isfahan University of Technology22(1), pp.61-70. (In Persian). Doi: 10.29252/jstnar.22.1.61.
20- Sharifian, H. Mokhtari, P. and Hezarcharibi, A. 2013. Investigation of the effect of superabsorbent polymer on changes in Kostiakov-Lewis diffusion equation coefficients in furrow irrigation. Water and Soil (Agricultural Sciences and Industries). 27 (1). pp. 205-212. (In Persian).
21- SHEKARI, F., JAVANMARD, A. and ABBASI, A., 2015. Effects of super-absorbent polymer application on yield and yield components of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Notulae Scientia Biologicae7(3), pp.361-366. (In Persian).
22- Sorensen, R.B. and Butts, C.L., 2005. Cotton, corn, and peanut yield under subsurface drip irrigation. In Impacts of Global Climate Change (pp. 1-10).
23- Yan, L. and Shi, Y., 2013. Research Article Effects of Super Absorbent Resin on Leaf Water Use Efficiency and Yield in Dry-land Wheat. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology5(6), pp.661-664.2013;5(6):661-4. Doi:.19026/ajfst.5.3145
24- Yazdani, F., Allahdadi, I. and Akbari, G.A., 2007. Impact of superabsorbent polymer on yield and growth analysis of soybean (Glycine max L.) under drought stress condition. Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS10(23), pp.4190-4196. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4190.4196.
Volume 46, Issue 3
December 2023
Pages 17-34
  • Receive Date: 28 November 2021
  • Revise Date: 10 February 2022
  • Accept Date: 14 February 2022
  • Publish Date: 22 November 2023