Document Type : Research Paper
MSc Student of Irrigation and Drainage, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
Associate Professor, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
Assistance Professor, Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
The purpose of this experiment is the comparison between four different method of irrigation which include: furrow irrigation, drip tape irrigation, sub-surface (t-tape 5 cm under soil) drip irrigation, and 2-hole bottle irrigation. This experiment was carried out in 2 continuous sowing season first was from November to January and the second one was from January to March of 2020-2021. In the first experiment, it is observed no significant difference in any components of radish which may be due to mild weather condition and sufficient rain fall. However, the best treatment for arid areas like Ahvaz, was bottle irrigation treatment with yield of 680.6 kg. ha-1 and water productivity of 0.3 kg.m-3 and the least irrigated water. In this second experiment due to the lack of rainfall and abundance of sunlight the amount of water consumed for treatments increased. In the experiment bottle irrigation yield was 298.24 kg. ha-1 and water productivity was 0.105 kg.m-3. In conclusion bottle irrigation for poor countries with limited water supply, areas where the cost of assembling a drip system is high or in counties or arid areas which suffer from lack of rainfall can be efficient in producing vegetable for household consumption. For better performance this form of irrigation can be automated which increase system’s productivity. Bottle irrigation is low-cost, easy to operated and doesn’t require manpower which makes it the ideal irrigation for poor countries like Africa and arid areas same as Ahvaz.