Evaluation of the Performance of CANFIS, MLPNN, MLR and M5 Models in the Simulation of Meteorological Drought Index (Case Study: Kermanshah Synoptic Station)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Water Engineering and Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 PhD Student, Department of Water Engineering and Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.


Drought is one of the most destructive phenomena in the world, especially in Iran. The timely prediction of drought and its severity can make it easier to take the necessary measures to combat this phenomenon. Different methods have been proposed to predict droughts; however, what matters is which method can make the predictions more accurate. Many researchers have compared the CANFIS model with other models such as neural networks and linear regression Malik and Kumar (2020b); Malik et al(2020a); Malik et al (2019), but it has not been tested against the M5 tree model. In this study, CANFIS, M5, MLPNN and MLR models have been used to predict drought in Kermanshah synoptic station, to enhance the accuracy of drought prediction by using a variety of modeling methods in addition to the influential variables of the SPI index.


Main Subjects

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Volume 47, Issue 1
June 2024
Pages 83-98
  • Receive Date: 11 November 2022
  • Revise Date: 22 June 2023
  • Accept Date: 26 June 2023
  • Publish Date: 21 May 2024