نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه شهید چمران
2 دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the drought and increasing water demand faced groundwater sources to challenge. Hence the need of the optimized water sources management has indicated its specific importance. This study has been implemented in order to manage the aquifer exploitation of the Nourabad plain in the drought conditions and this has been done by the finite differentiation modeling. To provide the conceptual model of the plain the geological log, observation and exploration wells, geological aspects, and the well’s hydrograph were used and after that, the model was provided. Then, the aquifer’s condition for October 2012 to October 2014 was predicted. The plain prediction hydrograph indicates the decrease of the groundwater level
(-1.55m) for two next years. The model implementation in drought conditions shows that in these conditions the groundwater level decreases with the average of (-2.05m) which with the 20 % decrease of the discharge of the exploitation wells in these conditions this amount decreases to (-1.3m) and the aquifer balance improves with the average of 3.5 million cubic meters.